Signature of Large-Gap Quantum Spin Hall State in the Layered Mineral Jacutingaite
K. Kandrai, P. Vancsó, G. Kukucska, J. Koltai, G. Baranka, Á. Hoffmann, Á. Pekker, K. Kamarás, Z.E. Horváth, A. Vymazalová, and P. Nemes-Incze
Nano Letters 20 5207–5213
Quantum spin Hall (QSH) insulators host edge states, where the helical locking of spin and momentum suppresses backscattering of charge carriers, promising applications from low-power electronics to quantum computing. A major challenge for applications is the identification of large gap QSH materials, which would enable room temperature dissipationless transport in their edge states. Here we show that the layered mineral jacutingaite (Pt2HgSe3) is a candidate QSH material, realizing the long sought-after Kane–Mele insulator. Using scanning tunneling microscopy, we measure a band gap in excess of 100 meV and identify the hallmark edge states. By calculating the invariant, we confirm the topological nature of the gap. Jacutingaite is stable in air, and we demonstrate exfoliation down to at least two layers and show that it can be integrated into heterostructures with other two-dimensional materials. This adds a topological insulator to the 2D quantum material library.
Beküldte: Kamarás Katalin, 2020. 07. 16. 13.08, Hír típusa: Cikk, Megtekintve: 2243 alkalommal