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Scientific Scope:

Nonequilibrium Physics is a fascinating interdisciplinary branch of science, which covers a wide range of phenomena, from pattern formation to granular physics and soft condensed matter. Granular flows, liquid films, interfaces, and foams are ubiquitous in our daily lives. Advances in our understanding of nonequilibrium and complex systems will create the basis for improvement in industrial efficiency, energy savings, reduction of environmental pollution, and design of new materials. Despite years of everyday experience, understanding of nonequilibrium dynamic behavior remains a major challenge for fundamental science.
Based on the success of theory of pattern formation, unprecedented growth of the computing power and emergency of new experimental techniques the New Millennium opens unique opportunities for deeper understanding of the physics of nonequilibrium systems. It will lead to the development of continuum descriptions of granular flows and complex systems with intrinsic discrete structure, understanding the physical principles of self-assembly, etc., and possibly, the formulation of new unifying principles governing the non-equilibrium world.

This summer program will focus on a variety of problems where concepts of pattern formation will be introduced and used to explore the possibility of continuum description of granular flows and various soft-condensed matter systems, such as confined liquids, foams etc. The lecture series at the beginning of the program will cover major concepts in nonlinear physics and soft condensed matter. It is also planned to hold computer classes and provide demonstration experiments.

In view of the envisaged research activity participants are encouraged to stay for the full 8-week period.


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Tentative Program of Euroschool #3 and NATO Advanced Study Institute
August 10-September 6, and Euroschool #4 September 7-October 4
"From pattern formation to granular physics and soft condensed matter".

Part 1.
Lasts 4 weeks, includes lectures by key-note speakers, computer classes, lab exercises, scientific presentations by short-term visitors and research periods. Includes three main lecture courses: Granular Matter (Aronson, Ben-Naim, Meerson, Gollub, Behringer, Tsimring), Soft Condensed Matter (Israelashvili, Grosberg, Witten, Pismen), and Pattern Formation (Cross, Kramer, Mishbah, Casademunt, Chate, Buka) and special lectures by Prof. P.-G. de Gennes on Polymers and Glasses.

During the first two weeks Junior Researchers will be asked to take notes on selected lectures, which will then be edited and put on the web. Seniors are encouraged to present appropriate open problems, which can lead to collaborative research projects to be continued in the following Euroschool.

Week 1

Lorenz Kramer. Opening Lecture "How it started and why"

Course: Physics of Granular Matter:
Theory:
Igor Aronson. "Lecture I. Introduction"
Eli Ben-Naim "Lecture I. Theory of Granular Gases"
Igor Aronson "Lecture II. Granular Shear Flows and Avalanches"
Baruch Meerson "Lecture I Symmetry-Breaking Instabilities in Granular Systems I"
Experiments:
Bob Behringer "Experimental Studies of Stress Propagation in Granular Systems I"
Jerry Gollub "Experimental Studies of Shear Granular Flows I"



Course: Self-Assembly and Soft Condensed Matter:
Jacob Israelashvili "Lecture I.
The role of Equilibrium and Non-equilibrium interactions in the
Self-assembly and directed assembly of structures in solution"
Alexander Grosberg "Lecture I. Theory of protein folding I"
Tom Witten "Lecture I. Polymers and Membranes"



Course: Pattern Formation
Mike Cross "Lecture I. Pattern Formation in Rayleigh-Benard Convection"
Lorenz Kramer "Lecture I. Ginzburg-Landau Equation"
Hugues Chate "Lecture I. Intermittency and Coupled Map Lattices"

Computer classes
Laboratory exercises on granular materials
Discussions between lecturers and students


Scientific presentations by short-term visitors



Week 2

Course: Granular Matter
Theory:
Igor Aronson "Lecture III: Shear Flows"
Eli Ben-Naim "Lecture II Theory of Granular Gases"
Antonello Provenzale "Lecture I Geophysics phenomena-Dune Formation"
Lev Tsimring "Lectrue I. Pattern Formation in Granular Materials"
Baruch Meerson "Lecture II Symmetry-Breaking Instabilities in Granular Systems"
Experiments:
Bob Behringer "Experimental Studies of Stress Propagation in Granular Systems"
Jerry Gollub "Experimental Studies of Shear Granular Flows"

Course: Soft Condensed Matter:
Jacob Israelashvili "Lecture II. Thermodynamic and physical principles of self-assembling structures"
Len Pismen "Lecture I. Theory of Contact Line Motion"
Tom Witten "Lecture II. Insights in Soft Condensed Matter"
Alexander Grosberg "Lecture II Statistical Mechanics of Protein Folding"

Course: Pattern Formation
Mike Cross "Lecture II. Pattern Formation in Rayleigh-Benard Convection"
Lorenz Kramer "Lecture II. Ginzburg-Landau Equation"
Hugues Chate "Lecture II. Intermittency and Coupled Map Lattices"


Project research
Computer classes
Laboratory exercises on granular matter and liquid crystals
Discussions between speakers and students

Scientific presentations by short-term visitors

Week 3

Special Course by Prof. Pierre-Gilles de Gennes "Polymers and Glasses"
Lecture I. Strong adhesion and non linear deformations in glassy polymers
Lecture II. Frustration effects in polymer systems

Course: Granular Matter
Igor Aronson. "Lecture IV Granular Materials-Self-Assembly and Patterns"
Antonello Provenzale. "Lecture II. Geophysics phenomena"
Eli Ben-Naim "Lecture III Compaction and aging in granular matter"
Lev Tsimring "Lectrue II. Pattern Formation in Granular Materials"

Course: Soft Condensed Matter
Jacob Israelishvilli, "Lecture III. The intermolecular and surface forces involved in self-assembly"
Alexander Grosberg "Lecture III. Protein folding"
Len Pismen "Lecture II. Contact Lines Motion and Wetting"

Course: Pattern Formation

Hugues Chate "Lecture II. Intermittency in Coupled Map Lattices"
Yves Pomeau "Lectrue I. Turbulence and Passive Scalar Diffusion"
Mike Cross "Lecture III. Pattern Formation in Rayleigh-Benard Convection"
Lorenz Kramer "Lecture III. Ginzburg-Landau Equation"



Project research
Computer classes
Laboratory exercises on granular matter and liquid crystals
Discussions between speakers and students

Scientific presentations by short-term visitors


Week 4
Course: Pattern Formation
Chaouqi Misbah "Lecture I. Morphological Instabilities"
Jaume Casademunt "Lecture I. Viscous Fingering"



Intensive research period
Computer classes
Laboratory exercises on granular matter and liquid crystals
Discussions between speakers and students

Scientific presentations by short-term visitors



Part 2 (September 7 - October 4). Includes lectures by key-note speakers, invited seminars, research period, computer classes, progress report by Jubior Researchers and 2-week focused workshop.

Week 1


Course: Soft Condensed Matter
Jacob Israelishvilli, "Lecture IV. Equilibrium and non-equilibrium interactions between biomolecules (such as lipids and proteins) within and between biological assemblies (such as bio-membranes)"

Course: Pattern Formation
Chaouqi Misbah "Lecture II. Morphological Instabilities"
Jaume Casademunt "Lecture II. Viscous Fingering"
Y.Pomeau . "Lecture II. Nonlinear Dynamics"
Hugues Chate "Lecture III. Intermittency in Coupled Map Lattices II"
Mike Cross "Lecture IV. Motion of Domain Boundaries"
Agnes Buka "Lecture I. Instabilities in Liquid Crystals"



Computer classes
Laboratory exercises on granular matter and liquid crystals
Discussions between speakers and students

Scientific presentations by short-term visitors

Week 2.

Course: Pattern Formation
Pierre Coullet. "Computational Methods in Nonlinear Dynamics"
Baruch Meerson "Coarsening in Granular and Astrophysical Systems"
Hugues Chate "Lecture IV. Theory of Vortex Glass and Vortex Liquid"
Len Pismen "Lecture IV. Interaction of Topological Defects"
Agnes Buka "Lecture II. Instabilities in Liquid Crystals"

Joint Lectures with the European Graduate School
"Non-equilibrium Phenomena and Phase Transitions in Complex Systems"
September 11-17, see Announcement


Progress reports by students
Computer classes

Scientific presentations by short-term visitors

Week 3-4
Focused workshop "Patterns formation in granular systems and soft condensed matter".

Includes 4-5 talks per day, 30-40 min long. 3-4 hours of informal discussion between students and invited speakers. In the second of the workshop students will give a presentation on their project.







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